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Middot with a Practical Twist

Hebrew High Course - Fall 2020

Keepers of the Earth- SHOMREI ADAMAH
In the Torah, God instructs us that the earth is God’s - not ours, and that we are to tend it.
• Keeping in mind the future, we must be excellent stewards of the Earth
• Build a connection between the land and our everyday lives
• Garner an appreciation of the Earth’s resources, to prevent us from taking those resources for granted.
Practical application: Do it Yourself


Respect- KAVOD
Treat others with respect; follow the Golden Rule
• Be tolerant of differences
• Use good manners, not bad language
• Be considerate of the feelings of others
• Don’t threaten, hit or hurt anyone
• Deal peacefully with anger, insults and disagreements
Practical application: Laundry & Household Chores

Honor your father and mother that you may long endure on the land that Adonai your God has assigned to you. (Exodus/Shemot 20:12)

כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃


Responsibility- ACHRAYUT
Do what you are supposed to do
• Persevere: keep on trying!
• Always do your best
• Use self-control
• Be self-disciplined
• Think before you act — consider the consequences
• Be accountable for your choices.
Practical application: Personal Finance

If I am not for myself, who will be for me? If I am only for myself, what am I? If not now, when? (Hillel, Pirkei Avot)

אִם אֵין אֲנִי לִי, מִי לִי. וּכְשֶׁאֲנִי לְעַצְמִי, מָה אֲנִי. וְאִם לֹא עַכְשָׁיו, אֵימָתָי:


Caring- CHESED
Be kind
• Be compassionate and show you care
• Express gratitude
• Forgive others
• Help people in need
Practical application: Kitchen Confidence

Love your neighbor as yourself. (Leviticus/Vayikra 19:18)

וְאָֽהַבְתָּ֥ לְרֵעֲךָ֖ כָּמ֑וֹךָ אֲנִ֖י יְהוָֽה


Trustworthiness- EMUNAH
Be honest
• Don’t deceive, cheat or steal
• Be reliable — do what you say you’ll do
• Have the courage to do the right thing
• Build a good reputation
• Be loyal — stand by your family, friends and country.
Practical application: Oil Change

Do not bear false witness against your neighbor. (Exodus/Shemot 20:17)

לֹֽא־תַעֲנֶ֥ה בְרֵעֲךָ֖ עֵ֥ד שָֽׁקֶר׃


Kindness/Warmth/Positivity - SEVER PANIM YAFOT
Smile, and the world smiles back at you!
• It is the demeanor of how you should do something
• Put on a smiley face when you do things
• Optimism
• Don’t give up
• Believing in yourself and your abilities
• Thinking of others
• We respect all Jews and all peoples and greet every human being with sever panim yafot - a warm, cheerful and pleasant countenance. (Pirkei Avot 1:15)
Practical application: Social Skills

אֱמֹר מְעַט וַעֲשֵׂה הַרְבֵּה, וֶהֱוֵי מְקַבֵּל אֶת כָּל הָאָדָם בְּסֵבֶר פָּנִים יָפוֹת


Role Modeling - DUGMA EESHEET
Be consistent in your teachings
• Set a good example
• Model positive choice-making
• Apologize and admit mistakes
• Stay true to your word, don’t be hypocritical
• Never ask someone to do something you wouldn’t do yourself
Practical application: Job Application


Fairness - TZEDEK  
Play by the rules
• Take turns and share
• Be open-minded; listen to others
• Don’t take advantage of others
• Don’t blame others carelessly
Practical application: Anti-Racism

Justice, justice you shall pursue. (Deuteronomy/Devorim 16:20)

צֶ֥דֶק צֶ֖דֶק תִּרְדֹּ֑ף


Communitiy - KEHILLAH
Show Respect
• Do your share to make your community better
• Cooperate
• Get involved in community affairs
• Stay informed; vote
• Be a good neighbor
• Obey laws and rules
• Respect authority
• Protect the environment
Practical application: Political Activism

Do not separate yourself from the community. (Mishna, Sanhedrin 2:5)

אַל תִּפְרֹשׁ מִן הַצִּבּוּר


LASHON HARAH
Gossip
• Cyber Bullying
• Social Media
• Email Etiquette
Practical application: Facebook, Insta, Twitter, Email & Texting Etiquette

Guard your tongue from evil, your lips from deceitful speech Psalms 34:13-14

נְצֹ֣ר לְשׁוֹנְךָ֣ מֵרָ֑ע וּ֝שְׂפָתֶ֗יךָ מִדַּבֵּ֥ר מִרְמָֽה׃

 

Fri, November 27 2020 11 Kislev 5781